Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is situated mainly in the Himalayas, bordered by China to the north, India to the east, and Pakistan to the south. With a diverse geography that includes mountains, hills, and plains, Nepal is renowned for being home to eight of the world’s fourteen highest peaks, including Mount Everest, the tallest.
Nepal holds a rich cultural heritage with a history that spans thousands of years. It has been a melting pot of various ethnicities, languages, and religions. The majority of the population practices Hinduism, followed by Buddhism and other faiths. The country is known for its many temples, monasteries, and religious festivals.
Kathmandu, the capital and largest city, is Nepal’s cultural, economic, and political centre. The city is famous for its ancient architecture, including historic temples and palaces that showcase intricate craftsmanship.
Nepal’s economy primarily relies on agriculture, tourism, and remittances from Nepali citizens working abroad. The picturesque landscapes, trekking trails, and mountaineering opportunities attract adventurers and tourists from around the world.
THE BEST TIME TO VISIT
Nepal has two primary tourist seasons:
Autumn (September to November): This is considered the best time to visit Nepal. The weather is clear, the skies are relatively cloud-free, and the temperatures are moderate. It’s an excellent time for trekking, mountaineering, and enjoying various outdoor activities. The views of the Himalayas are breathtaking during this season.
Spring (March to May): Another favourable time to visit Nepal is during the spring season. The weather remains pleasant, and the colourful blossoms of rhododendrons and other flowers create a vibrant atmosphere. Spring is also suitable for trekking and other outdoor adventures.
Both autumn and spring offer comfortable temperatures and relatively stable weather conditions, making them ideal for exploring the various regions of Nepal. However, it’s worth noting that popular trekking routes and tourist areas can get quite crowded during these peak seasons.
If you prefer quieter times with fewer tourists, you might consider visiting during the off-peak seasons:
Winter (December to February): While the temperatures can be chilly, especially at higher altitudes, some lower-elevation areas are still accessible and provide a unique experience. However, due to cold and snow, trekking in remote or high-altitude regions might be more challenging.
Monsoon (June to August): This is the least popular time for tourism due to heavy rainfall and the possibility of landslides in some regions. However, if you’re interested in cultural experiences and don’t mind the occasional rain, you can explore the lush landscapes and cultural festivals during this time.
WHAT TO EXPECT
Nepal is a linguistically diverse country with many languages spoken in various regions. The official language of Nepal is Nepali (also known as Gurkhali or Khaskura).
The culture of Nepal is incredibly diverse and is shaped by the country’s varied geography, ethnic groups, religions, and historical influences. Here are some key aspects of Nepali culture. Hinduism and Buddhism are the two major religions. Nepali cuisine is a mix of flavours from different regions. Dal Bhat (lentil soup with rice), momo (dumplings), and various curries are staples. Nepali culture places great emphasis on respect for elders and guests. It’s common to greet people with a “Namaste” gesture, which involves folding hands together in front of the chest. Removing shoes before entering someone’s home or a temple is also common. Himalayan Spirituality: The Himalayan region has also contributed to a sense of spirituality and mysticism in Nepali culture. The serene landscapes and proximity to some of the world’s highest peaks have inspired spiritual practices and retreats.
The currency of Nepal is the Nepalese Rupee – NPR or “Rs” or “रू” in Nepali.
Banks & ATMs:
Nepal has a mix of both domestic and international banks. Some of the major banks include Nepal Rastra Bank and Himalayan Bank. ATMs are widely available in major cities, and currency exchange counters are available in airports and major hotels.
Plugs and Sockets:
The standard voltage used for electrical outlets is 230V, and the frequency is 50Hz. Nepal’s power plugs and sockets are of Type C, D, and M.
Type C: Has two round pins. It’s the most commonly used in Nepal, similar to the European plug (Europlug).
Type D: This type also has three round pins in a triangular pattern.
Type M: This type has three round pins in a triangular pattern, similar to the plug used in South Africa.
We recommend to pack a universal adapter just in case!
Nepal is generally considered a safe destination for travellers, but like any other place, it’s important to be aware of your surroundings and take precautions to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.
Nepal Airlines is the national carrier of Nepal and operates flights to various international destinations, including destinations in Asia and the Middle East.